At the earth's northern and southern extremities, against all odds, exist a plethora of wildlife whose abundance defies polar realities. The southern polar region has seals, penguins, birds and fish in concentrations greater than any other region of the world (seasonally). The northern polar region also supposts abundant wildlife, but different species than those found in the south. In both cases, the habitat is changing rapidly and threatened due to climate change and, in some cases, human intrusion. International treaties and cooperation are essential to sustains these ecosystems as they "belong" to no single nation. The health of polar regions impacts all of humanity as well as the wildlife that call the poles home.